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Country Information: Nepal
Nepal, the country of Buddha, is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world with almost one third of its population living below the poverty line. Nepal has been grappling with conflict for more than eight years. More than 10,000 people- mostly young - have been killed more have been injured. Over a million Nepalese children are working full time in Nepal.

Facts

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government Type: Democratic Republic

Capital: Kathmandu

Chief of State: President Ram Baran Yadav ( as of 23 july 2008);

Head of Government: Prime minister Madhav Kumar Nepal

Languages

Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4% (2001 Consensus)

note: many in government and business also speak English (2001 est)

Natural Resources

Quatrz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposit of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

Literacy

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write

Total Popluation: 48.6%

Male: 62.7%

Female: 34.9% (2001 census)

Population

29,519,114 (July 2008 Estd)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 38% (male 5,792,042/ female 5,427,370)

15-64 years: 58.2% (male 8,832,488/ female 8,345,724)

65 years and over: 3.8% (male 542,192/ female 579,298) (2008 est)

Median Age

total: 20.7 years

male: 20.5 years

female: 20.8 years (2008 est.)

Population growth rate

2.059% (2008 est)

GDP per capita (ppp)

USD 1,200 (2007 est)

GDP composition by sector

Agriculture: 38%

Industry : 20%

services: 42% (FY 05/06 est)

Labour Force:

11.11 million

note: severe lack of skilled labour (2006 est)

Labour force - by occupation

Agriculture - 76%

Industry - 6%

Services - 18% (2004 est)

Agriculture Products -

Rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, jute, root corps, milk, water buffalo meat

Industries:

Tourism, carpets, textiles; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick productionUnemployment rate:

42% (2004 est.)

Population below poverty line:

30.9% (2004)

Child Labour (5-14 years, 1999-2004) (source: UNICEF 2006):

Total 31%
Male 30%
Female 33%

Ratified Conventions ILO:

138 on Minimum Working Age
182 on Worst Forms of Child Labour (Source: ILO 2008)

Primary school enrolment ((2000-2004) (source: UNICEF 2006):

Male 75%
Female 66%

Education expenditures - percent of GDP:

3.4% (2003)